What Are Sacroiliitis and SI Joint Pain?
Sacroiliitis refers to any inflammation in the SI joint. SI joint pain refers to pain in the area, which can have a number of causes. Sacroiliitis may show up after an injury or may be a symptom of another condition such as Crohn’s disease or a type of arthritis.
SI joint dysfunction involves any sort of SI pain that is caused by abnormal motion in the SI joint. It can involve inflammation and pain in that area that can sometimes radiate into the buttocks or legs.
Symptoms of Sacroiliitis and SI Joint Pain
Lower back pain is the most common symptom of both sacroiliitis and SI joint pain. Pain may be dull and throbbing in a way that is similar to a herniated disc. It may also be felt as a shooting pain down into the legs that feels very similar to sciatica. Pain may get worse when sitting for a long time or after an action like rolling in bed. Many people experiencing some sort of SI joint dysfunction will also feel stiffness in their lower back and hips, especially after sitting for a long time or sleeping. Some people will experience fever along with pain.
What Causes Sacroiliitis and SI Joint Pain?
The SI joint acts as a shock-absorbing structure for the body. It is small and strongly reinforced with ligaments and is not highly mobile. While the causes of SI pain are not well understood, they can include:
- Too much movement in the SI joint. This leads to lower back pain that radiates into the groin area.
- Too little movement in the SI joint. When it is too tense, this can lead to pain in the lower back or in one side or the other of the buttocks. This pain can often be felt radiating down the leg. It will often feel similar to sciatica.
These can occur after abnormal movements at work or during sports. An injury such as a fall onto the buttocks or the shock absorbed after missing a step while descending stairs can lead to SI joint pain. Motor vehicle accidents can also cause an impact that results in SI pain.
Diagnosing Sacroiliitis and SI Joint Pain
Diagnosis of Sacroiliitis or other SI joint pain must include eliminating other possible conditions. Diagnosis includes:
- A complete medical history that includes a discussion of your symptoms, when they began and any risk factors for SI joint dysfunction.
- A physical examination that includes an analysis of your pain levels and range of mobility.
- Diagnostic tests that include X-rays and MRIs or CT scans.
Sacroiliitis and SI Joint Pain Treatment
The most conservative treatments for Sacroiliitis and SI joint pain include rest, so your body can heal, paired with heat and cold therapy. Medications that include muscle relaxers and painkillers can provide pain relief. If your pain is severe, a sacroiliac joint injection can both confirm that the SI joint is the cause of your pain and provide pain relief. These injections usually use an analgesic and a steroid to fight inflammation. Platelet-rich plasma therapy can speed healing and ease pain. Radiofrequency neurotomy may be recommended for intractable pain.