We start by drawing blood. Because your own blood is used, any risks of infection or contamination are drastically reduced. The whole blood is put into a centrifuge and spun to separate it into three layers. The platelets concentrate in a layer together. The PRP is then collected into a sterile syringe so that it can be injected into the affected area. The injection will often also include an anesthetic for your comfort.
The entire process, including preparation of the plasma and your recovery time, should take around one to two hours. Because PRP therapy uses your own blood, it is associated with very limited side effects. Typically, you’ll experience some pain at the injection site. This usually abates in a day or two. You should minimize activity for 24 hours following your procedure. However, most patients are able to go about their regular activities soon after the procedure. If you are participating in a physical therapy program, you should be able to continue participating at the same rate.
It may take a few weeks for the full benefits of PRP treatments to take effect. If you find that PRP gives you some relief, additional treatments can be helpful.